Canada is the second largest country in the world and a nation of great ethnicity and cultural diversity. Initially populated by various First Nation tribes and then colonized by the French and British, Canada is today a cultural mosaic made up of people who have come from all around the globe.
Few countries can compare with the natural beauty, geographic diversity and wildlife of Canada. Bordered by the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans, Canada’s ever-changing topography ranging from the dizzying heights of the Rocky Mountains to vast boreal forests, endless prairies, desert and rainforest regions. Added to the extraordinary natural beauty are the vibrant, cosmopolitan cities where most of the population lives.
Facts and Figures:
Population: 33, 500, 000 (2011)
Capital: Ottawa, Ontario
Total area: 9,980,674 km2
Land: 9,093,507 km2
Water: 891,163 km2
Canada is a constitutional monarchy, but also a parliamentary democracy and a federation. The country is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan and Yukon.
From the East to the West Coast, the main Canadian cities are: St. John’s, Halifax, Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver and Victoria.
What is so exciting about Canada?
Following are some of the exciting information about Canada:
- Canada is the world’s most educated country: Over half its residents have college degrees
- Canada’s lowest recorded temperature was -81.4 degrees Fahrenheit which is -63C in 1947
- Canada has more lakes then the rest of the world’s combined
- Canada consumes more Macaroni and Cheese then any other nation in the world.
- Residents of Churchill, Canada, leave their cars unlocked to offer an escape for pedestrians who might encounter Polar Bears.
- License plates in the Canadian Northwest Territories are shaped like Polar Bears.
- Canada has the largest coastline in the world.
- In Newfoundland, Canada, the Atlantic Ocean sometimes freezes so people play Hockey on it.
- Every Christmas, one million letters are addressed to Santa Claus, at his own postal code: HOH OHO, North Pole, Canada.
- With 1896 kilometers (1178 miles), the Yonge Street in Canada is the longest street in the world.
- Canadians own the Mall of America.
- The US/Canada border is the longest international boarder in the world and it lacks military defense.
- Large parts of Canada have less gravity than the rest of the earth. The phenomenon was discovered in 1960s.
- Police departments in Canada give out ‘positive tickets’ when they see people doing something positive.
- Canada has fewer people than Tokyo’s Metropolitan Area.
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